The Effects of Tobephobia on Learning Outcomes in the Educational Milieu

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This paper is based on the qualitative research accomplished by the author over the past seven years on the manifestation of fear within the educational milieu and its effects on learning outcomes. Fear that specifically manifests itself in the educational environment is known as Tobephobia (TBP). Educators who were interviewed have not denied the existence of TBP. TBP could manifest in many ways, such as fear of failure in achieving educational objectives, fear of changes in education and not being able to cope with the demands of educational transformation. These findings of the study will be discussed. Furthermore, the research data strongly suggests that the fear of failure to achieve educational outcomes is largely based on five major (interlocking) phases in the Achievement Cycle. These five phases namely, Strengths, Weaknesses, Expectations, Abilities, and Tensions can easily be identified with our essential nature which is the state of being that fuels our passion and gives us an abiding sense of purpose. This is a generic model that is usable or suitable in a variety of educational contexts. Hence, the Achievement Cycle will be used in this paper to conduct a SWEAT analysis of the effects of Tobephobia in the educational milieu.


Keywords: Tobephobia, Fear of Failure in Education
Stream: Curriculum and Pedagogy; Student Learning, Learner Experiences, Learner Diversity
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: , Effects of Tobephobia on Learning Outcomes in the Educational Milieu, The,


Prof. Prakash Singh

Professor of Advanced Studies in Education, Research, Technology & Innovation Unit
Faculty of Education, Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University

Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape, South Africa

Prakash Singh is a professor of advanced studies in education. He is in the Research, Technology and Innovation Unit of the Faculty of Education at the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University, Port Elizabeth, South Africa. His field of specialization is educational leadership, fear management and curriculum development. He has published widely in accredited journals and presented numerous papers at national and international conferences. He is also a member of several national and international organisations and currently serves as an executive committee member of the Standard Generating Body of the South African Qualifications Authority in South Africa. He is the recipient of a Senior Fulbright Researcher’s grant. His current research focus is on the emotional intelligence of educational leaders and the management of fear in the educational milieu.

Ref: L08P0092