The Changing Trends in Higher Education in India

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The globalization of the world market and erasing of socio-cultural barriers, the world is becoming a global village. Moreover, the neo policies of liberalization and privatization of Government of India have given birth to diversified sectors of economy. The infrastructure, manufacturing, communication, service and other fast growing sectors are changing the country to knowledge economy leading to demands for efficient, vibrant, dynamic and qualified knowledge workers. This has shifted the focus of education from pure to applied sciences and sciences to engineering and technology. Today’s Indian youth is more focused, target oriented and well versed with upcoming needs and accordingly opts for the type of education which is demand driven, job-oriented and unbiased for gender. Viewing the importance of this changing education trend, various non-conventional, technical and non-technical courses are being introduced in general educational institutions, polytechnics and engineering colleges in India. The curricula of these courses are being designed keeping in view the demands of world of work. Keeping the above educational trend in mind, a study was undertaken in Chandigarh, a city recognized as Knowledge City in India. The objective of the study was to identify the genesis and type of upcoming courses in various disciplines especially in science and technical education, their relevance, the number of students (boys and girls) undertaking these new and demand driven courses, reasons for their preference and success rates. The present paper puts forward the findings of this study. The emphasis is on presentation of the changing trends in higher education amongst the youth of the country.

Keywords: Higher Education, Educational Trends, Demand Driven Courses, Non Conventional
Stream: Adult, Vocational, Tertiary and Professional Learning
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: Changing Trends in Higher Education in India, The

Dr. Rakesh Kumar Wats

Assistant Professor, Media Centre and Continuing Education Centre, National Institute of Technical Teachers' Training and Research
Chandigarh, Union Territory, India

Dr. Rakesh K Wats after graduating in Civil Engineering and post graduation in Irrigation and Hydraulics (Civil Engineering) did his Doctorate in Business Management with the area of work as Total Quality Management. After working in industry for two years, he joined National Institute of Technical Teachers’ Training and Research (NITTTR), Chandigarh in 1988. He has worked extensively in the areas of technical teachers’ training, curriculum development, instructional material development and continuing education and contributed significantly to polytechnic and engineering college education. His main areas of interest are construction management, educational management, quality management and continuing education and Media design and development. He has authored many research articles/papers in journals and conferences. At present he is working as Assistant Professor in Continuing Education and Media Centre of NITTTR,Chandigarh

Dr. Meenu Wats

Lecturer, Department of Zoology, D.A.V. College, Sector -10, Chandigarh
Chandigarh, Union Territory, India

Dr. Meenu Wats is M.Sc. and Ph.D in Zoology. She has a working experience of more than 18 years of teaching undergraduate and postgraduate classes in college and XI and XII classes in schools. She has many research publications and articles to her credit. . She provides career and personal guiding and counselling to students. In addition teaching and research, she has lot of interest in extra- curricular activities like dance, dramas, music, debates etc. She has participated in national level cycling championships during her studies at University level. Her hobbies include singing, listening to music and reading books.

Ref: L08P0066