The Changing Trends in Higher Education in India
The globalization of the world market and erasing of socio-cultural barriers, the world is becoming a global village. Moreover, the neo policies of liberalization and privatization of Government of India have given birth to diversified sectors of economy. The infrastructure, manufacturing, communication, service and other fast growing sectors are changing the country to knowledge economy leading to demands for efficient, vibrant, dynamic and qualified knowledge workers. This has shifted the focus of education from pure to applied sciences and sciences to engineering and technology. Today’s Indian youth is more focused, target oriented and well versed with upcoming needs and accordingly opts for the type of education which is demand driven, job-oriented and unbiased for gender. Viewing the importance of this changing education trend, various non-conventional, technical and non-technical courses are being introduced in general educational institutions, polytechnics and engineering colleges in India. The curricula of these courses are being designed keeping in view the demands of world of work. Keeping the above educational trend in mind, a study was undertaken in Chandigarh, a city recognized as Knowledge City in India. The objective of the study was to identify the genesis and type of upcoming courses in various disciplines especially in science and technical education, their relevance, the number of students (boys and girls) undertaking these new and demand driven courses, reasons for their preference and success rates. The present paper puts forward the findings of this study. The emphasis is on presentation of the changing trends in higher education amongst the youth of the country.
Keywords: Higher Education, Educational Trends, Demand Driven Courses, Non Conventional
Dr. Rakesh Kumar Wats
Assistant Professor, Media Centre and Continuing Education Centre, National Institute of Technical Teachers' Training and Research
Dr. Meenu Wats
Lecturer, Department of Zoology, D.A.V. College, Sector -10, Chandigarh