Enforcing ‘Teaching Thinking Skills' as an Important Requirement for the Developing of Educational Programs in Developing Countries

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The expansion of information and technology has increased the need for individuals to encompass transferable skills that enable them to address different problems in different contexts at different times throughout their lives. This requires thinking in conscious ways to achieve certain purposes, which include the process of remembering, questioning, forming concepts, planning, and reasoning, imagining, solving problems, making decisions and judgments, or translating thoughts into words. A thinking skill is a practical behavior, which is developed through cognitive challenge, and acquired through teaching and learned through practice. Since the growth of human brains occurs in early childhood, cognitive challenge or thinking skills are best to be conveyed in the early years of children education, through both interpersonal communication and media literacy. Thus, educational institutions are considered important body to employ the thinking skills. Developing an educational program that enables all individual to be effective thinkers is essential. The accessibility to information requires individuals to comprehend, judge, and participate in creating new knowledge and processes. In addition, thinking skills or competencies are primary to fulfill human potential, or to meet the demands of the globalization, in which are not sufficiently fulfill by basic skills in education, such as literacy, math, science, and so on. Developing countries are aware of the need to prepare their citizen, especially children, with such competencies for an unpredictable future. Indonesia, a country long-applied feudalistic educational system, is facing similar challenges. Hence, entails for a systematical educational system, which take account of teaching thinking as main groundwork. This paper proposes ‘teaching thinking skills’ as significant pre-requisite in developing an educational program especially in developing countries; in order to successfully compete in the acceleration of global information. Therefore, this paper aimed to examine the valuable of teaching thinking skills and its implementation in some primary schools in Indonesia. In addition to that, this paper also attempt to emphasize the need to develop a ‘thinking skill base educational program’ to enables teachers or learners (i.e. children) to practice strategies for effective thinking and to develop the habits of intelligent behavior that are needed for lifelong learning.


Keywords: Teaching thinking skills, Children, Educational Program, Developing Countries
Stream: Curriculum and Pedagogy; Student Learning, Learner Experiences, Learner Diversity, Teacher Training and Professional Development
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.


Rizanna Rosemary

Postgraduate Student, Department of Communication
Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia

Gombak, Selangor-Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

My name is Rizanna Rosemary. I come from Aceh-Indonesia. I work as a lecturer in the Faculty of Social and Political Sciences,the University of Syiah Kuala Banda Aceh-Indonesia. At the moment, I am a student pursuing Phd program, under Indonesian-Malaysian government' schloarship, at the Kulliyah/Faculty of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Humans Sciences, International Islamic University (IIUM) majoring in communication. I accomplished my degree at the University of Padjadjaran Bandung-Indonesia and my master at the University of Jakarta-Indonesia. Both majoring in communication. My interest is in interpersonal communication and media.

Rosalina Awaina

Postgraduate Student, Institute of Education, International Islamic University Malaysia
Gombak, Selangor-Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Ref: L08P0063