Academic Coaching as a Component of Comprehensive Education: What We Can Learn from the Successful Athletic Coach
The No Child Left Behind legislation that currently drives the academic assessment of US schools also prescribes remedies for those schools who do not meet set standards. One of these remedies is the use of one-on-one tutors to instruct struggling students outside of classroom time. Little attention has been paid as to how these instructors can be most effective in improving student outcomes. This paper examines the strategies and philosophies of successful athletic coaches and makes suggestions as to how these successful strategies might be employed in the service of increasing academic achievement. The paper looks at motivation, performance rewards, reflection and augmented feedback as important components of the successful coaching model. The paper also explores the potential of the integration of kinesthetic aids as developmentally appropriate support to learning and cognition for a variety of diverse learners. Suggestions are made to maximize the effectiveness of academic instructional interventions based on the identified successful components of athletic coaching.
Keywords: Academic Coaching Strategies, Athletic Coaching Strategies, No Child Left Behind, Tutoring, Kinesthetic Learning, Effective Teaching and Learning, Diverse Learners, Multiple Intelligences
Dr. Carol Bonilla Bowman
Professor of Education, Teacher Certification Program, Ramapo College of New Jersey
Student Teacher Supervisor, Teacher Certification Program, Ramapo College of New Jersey