There Is Never Any One Right Way to Teach! A Case of "Multiple Intelligences"

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Gardner's Multiple Intelligence theory claims that every individual is in possession of one or some of eight types of intelligences and depending on the type of those intelligences , the outcome of their performance might be different. This paper intends to validate Gardner's MI hypothesis by examining the answers to the following questions in the Iranian EFL classrooms both for English and non English major students all studying English for different reasons at the University level.

  1. Is there a difference in the type of intelligence possessed by students of different disciplines?
  2. Is there a difference in the type of intelligence possessed by English major students and English teachers?
  3. Is intelligence a rather permanent characteristic?
  4. Do the types of activities practiced in EFL classrooms touch the prevailing intelligence types of both teachers and learners?
Participants in the study included 672 typical cases of English and non- English major students studying English for different purposes ( ESP, for students of Literature, Translation, Engineering , Medicine , Mathematics, Biology, Physic,… ) and 26 English teachers of the same students at the university level in different universities of Guilan (Guilan University, Payame Noor University & Islamic Azad University). Class observation and Gardner's "Multiple Intelligences Inventories for EFL Students & Teachers" were used as the means for data collection. Using the MANOVA statistical analysis , the study indicated that discipline has had an effect on the dependent variables (Types of intelligences), yet the activities observed in classrooms had no relationship with neither teachers' nor students' intelligence types.


Keywords: Teaching Methodology, Multiple Intelligences, ESP
Stream: Curriculum and Pedagogy; Student Learning, Learner Experiences, Learner Diversity
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.


Dr. Jaleh Hassaskhah

Assistant Professor, University of Guilan
Rasht, Guilan, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Jaleh Hassaskhah is currently an assistant professor at the English Department of the University of Guilan. In addition , she , as the head of Allame Tabatabaee Language Centre(ALC), is in charge of hiring and coaching language teachers. Her areas of interest include curriculum development, assessment and exploring new horizons in language teaching, which has led to the publication of many articles and books. She has also delivered lectures both nationally and internationally.

Seyyed Ali Azimi Rashti

Student, University of Guian
Rasht, Guilan, Iran (Islamic Republic of)


Ref: L08P0530