Career Decision-making Self-efficacy among Students in Vocational Institutions

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Career decision-making self-efficacy (CDMSE) denotes individuals’ degree of confidence that they can successfully engage in tasks associated with making a career choice and with commitment to a career (Taylor and Betz, 1983). In career decision-making, preferences for various job outcome factors are important in evaluating the appropriateness of choices because such preferences are construed as the anticipated rewards of work-related behavior (Gianakos, 1995). The objective of this study is to determine the career decision-making self-efficacy (CDMSE) among vocational students in Malaysia. In general, the CDMSE of vocational and technical students is high. However, some aspects of CDMSE need improvement (particularly on problem solving, planning for future, and gathering occupational information). There is a significant difference in CDMSE between ganders, which male students are more confidence than female students in making career decision. No significant difference in CDMSE was observed between students from two different vocational institutions. These findings highlighted the confidence of vocational student’s career decision-making self-efficacy in the challenging of the world of work. Career decision-making aimed at helping student to identify their interests and gain an understanding of the workplace might also incorporate strategies to enhance students’ sense of self-efficacy about performing tasks related to career exploration (Gushue et al., 2007). Individuals are likely to frame their perceptions of career self-efficacy in accord with their self-perception of success and failure with previous gender behaviors (Gianakos, 1995). Spitzer (2000) reported that females are not more confident about making the necessary career decisions (CDMSE). In vocational identity, the talents and employment goals between genders are similar to making career choice (Featherston, 2007).


Keywords: Career Decision-making Self-efficacy, Vocational Students
Stream: Adult, Vocational, Tertiary and Professional Learning
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation in English
Paper: A paper has not yet been submitted.


Prof. Ab. Rahim Bakar

Professor, Department of Science and Technical Education,
Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia

Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia


Shamsiah Mohamed

Lecturer, UPM, UPM
Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia


Fitri Kazilan

Affiliation not supplied
Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia


Ref: L08P0529