Physical Education: An Effective Approach to Develop Positive Self-esteem in Children
This paper reviews past research regarding the impact of school physical education programs on children’s self-esteem. It is evident that many scholars have drawn a connection between physical education and children’s self-esteem and a large number of studies have been conducted. Most of the studies have demonstrated a positive effect on children’s self-esteem by a specific physical education intervention. Fitness and aerobic interventions were more effective than other skill based programs. Programs that had a longer timespan obtained better results than that of shorter programs. Past studies also implemented different physical education programs for special populations such as asthmatic children, emotionally disturbed or at-risk children and children with learning disabilities. Generally, the programs achieved significant improvement in the children’s self-esteem. However, there is a lack of implementation of quality physical education programs in Australian government primary schools and an apparent paucity of longitudinal studies which employ more manageable long term programs. This paper alerts readers to the Commonwealth Institute Lifestyle of our Kids (LOOK) longitudinal study that commenced in 2005 in Canberra which is designed to address the above issues.
Keywords: Physical Education, Positive Self-Esteem, Children
Dr. Xiaoli Jiang
Senior Lecturer and Course Coordinator of the Bachelor of Arts (International Studies), School of Behavioral & Social Sciences & Humanities, University of Ballarat
Dr. Laurie Prosser
Manager, Research and Development, K.I.D.S. Foundation