Influence of Intelligence on the Relationship between Creativity and Academic Achievement: A Comparative Study

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A comparative study of 40 Malaysian and 32 American students’ creativity was carried out. Creativity was measured using the Torrance Tests of Creative Thinking, Figural Form A while measures of academic achievement were obtained from two latest class assessments extracted from school records. Findings indicate that the American students are significantly superior compared to Malaysian students in overall Figural Creativity as well as in its components, namely Fluency, Flexibility, Originality and Elaboration. However, there were no significant differences in the relationship between Creativity and Academic Achievement between Malaysian and American students. There are differences between Malaysian and American students in the relationships between Figural Creativity and its components with academic achievement across the intelligence continuum. When these relationships were compared across the intelligence continuum, there appears to be a consistent higher effect of intelligence on the strengths of these correlation coefficients at high IQ levels for the American students than the Malaysian students. The intelligence threshold theory that proposes that creativity and academic achievement are independent among higher levels of intelligence appears to be true for the American students only. Similar investigations are recommended using larger samples and samples of different age groups to further test the influence of intelligence on the creativity-academic achievement relationship.

Keywords: Intelligence, Creativity, Academic Achievement
Stream: Curriculum and Pedagogy; Student Learning, Learner Experiences, Learner Diversity
Presentation Type: Paper Presentation in English
Paper: Influence of Intelligence on the Relationship between Creativity and Academic Achievement

Dr. Ananda Kumar Palaniappan

Associate Professor, Department of Educational Psychology and Counseling, University of Malaya
Kuala Lumpur, Wilayah Persekutuan, Malaysia

Dr. Ananda Kumar Palaniappan is an Educational Psychologist presently lecturing in the University of Malaya. He specializes in Creativity, Organizational Creativity, Creative Problem Solving and Creative Innovation. Dr. Ananda conducts training in Thinking Skills as well as SPSS and AMOS for academicians and researchers in Malaysia. He has presented papers at international conferences and conducted workshops on Creativity and Innovation, Organizational Creativity, Organizational Behavior and Creative Problem Solving for numerous groups including managers, magistrates, legal officers, educational administrators, school principals, teachers and students in Malaysia, Singapore, India, Spain, Sweden, New Zealand and the United States of America. He has been consulted on projects by many agencies including the Malaysian Ministry of Education and many multinational organizations. He is presently involved in several research projects on Creativity, Creative Personality Characteristics, Creative Management, Enterpreneurship and Organizational Behavior. He has published internationally on creativity and on the validation of several instruments measuring Creative Management, Entrepreneurial Tendency and Creative Personality Characteristics. He has published in many international journals including Perceptual and Motor Skills and Journal of Psychology. He has written a number of books, among them are Creativity and Academic Achievement and SPSS in Educational Research

Ref: L08P0484