Religious Personality and Perceived Behavior Among Faith-Practicing Communities in Malaysia: Uniting or Dividing Factors?

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This paper aims to report the findings on the contribution of religious personality, as the manifestation of one’s religious belief, on the interethnic behavior. Religious personality is comprised of three major factors: pro-social behavior, ritual behavior and anti-social behavior. While religious practice is categorized into high, medium, low and not practicing. It is hypothesized that religious personality of the youth may influence interethnic behavior by enhancing a mutual understanding and respect. Respondents were 563 high school students from randomly selected schools in Selangor. Instruments used were the Inter-ethnic Tolerance Questionnaire (IETQ) a self-designed questionnaire to measure interethnic perceived behavior and the Universal Religious Personality Inventory (URPI) (Krauss et al., 2006). The findings of the study indicated that religious personality traits of types pro-social behavior and ritual behavior have significant effects on inter-ethnic tolerant behavior. Also for students with high and medium levels of religious practice, pro-social behavior is found to significantly influence their inter-ethnic tolerant behavior. The higher their mean scores for pro-social behavior, the more positive are their tolerant behavior on inter-ethnic issues.


Keywords: Religious Personality, Perceived Behavior, Inter Ethnic, Youth
Stream: Equity, Social Justice and Social Change; Community, Culture, Globalisation
Presentation Type: Virtual Presentation in English
Paper: , , Religious Personality and Perceived Behavior Among Faith-Practicing Communities in Malaysia


Dr. Fazilah Idris

Senior Lecturer, Center for General Studies, National University of Malaysia
Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia

Received B.A. (Linguistics) from University of Iowa, Iowa City, USA in 1986.
Graduated with a M.A. (TESL) from University of Northern Iowa, USA in 1988.
Has taught Matriculation and undergraduates students for 19 years.
Research interest includes youth development and personality.

Prof. Azimi Hamzah

Director, Center for Extension, Entrepreneurship, and Professional Advancement, University Putra Malaysia
Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia


Dr. Ezhar Tamam

Deputy Dean, Modern Languages and Communication Faculty, Universiti Putra Malaysia
Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia


Dr. Su Luan Wong

Senior Lecturer, University Putra Malaysia
Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia


Khairul Anwar Mastor

Senior Lecturer, Center for General Studies, National University of Malaysia
Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia


Nur Riza Suradi

Lecturer, Faculty of Science and Technology, National University Malaysia
Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia


Ref: L08P0185